Friday, November 23, 2012

Poly: Orientation or Identity?

Read this on my new site, SexualityReclaimed!


J and I had a lively conversation about whether poly was an identity or orientation sparked by Dan Savage's recent column responding to someone who identified as "a poly." Dan is adamant that poly is a relationship structure, and that you choose to have a poly relationship; no one is "a poly" according to Dan. He says that if you have a preference for poly it can be overcome, because it is simply a preference and thus requires a simple decision. We disagree, to say the least. Of course poly is a relationship structure, but it can be much more than that for many people (in our opinion). (We both contributed to this post, by the way!)

What makes an identity versus an orientation? Here are some thoughts we had from our very long conversation about it:

-An orientation seems like an immutable, innate characteristic someone is born with. (We're still thinking about this one. Sexual orientation, for example, is often thought of as something you are born with, but my experience alone makes me question this. Was I always bisexual, since I was born? I don't feel like I "chose" that orientation, but that I discovered it. Sexual orientation is also often described as fluid... So this one is confusing!)

-An identity seems like something you can choose based on an orientation, or something that you choose based on a group or culture you are a part of. Being part of different cultures or groups can mean you identify with those groups. Maybe you identify as a nerd, a foodie, or a runner.

-It definitely seems like some people "orient" poly. They express feeling like they have felt poly all their lives. J and some other people we have met fall more into this camp. J expresses that he felt a lot of dissonance with monogamy for most of his dating life, and it feels much more natural now in an open/poly relationship. He could never go back to monogamy because it just feels so wrong for him.

-Other people (like K) seem to choose poly as an identity based on ideas and culture. I (K) don't feel innately poly, even though I don't think I could ever be monogamous again (just to make our conversation a little more puzzling). I identify more with with the culture and ideas and values of polyamory and so I identify in this way.

-Something we also talked about was whether humans are "blank slates" with regards to their preferences/orientations for polyamory or monogamy. As J asked, if I don't feel innately poly, do I feel innately monogamous? My answer is No. So do some come into this world "pre-wired" for one or the other? Are some people more heavily socialized for one or the other? (Nature versus nurture?) One of my ideas is that humans have an innate capacity to love multiple people, and that our social and cultural values around monogamy is what shapes our brains to understand that you can only have one romantic love at a time. I think I may have just been hit a little harder by all of that socialization, because even though I logically agree with poly values and hold them as my own, I have a lot of gut-level reactions that run counter to those values.

-It seems like it would make sense that just as gender or sexual orientation could be fluid throughout someone's life, that someone's relationship preferences could also be fluid throughout their life. Maybe for two years you prefer monogamy and then later prefer a poly structure. Similarly, it seems like within the open or poly community there is a spectrum of feelings on identity or orientation. Someone may be in a poly relationship because they feel like they are innately poly and simply could not operate romantically any other way, and someone else may choose to live a poly lifestyle even though all of their deeper-seated/right brain reactions make it difficult because of monogamy norms and socialization.

-Part of what has helped me make these distinctions is the ease in which J and other people we have met express their poly selves. Jealousy comes up, but it's very rarely debilitating for people who "orient" poly. Poly principles are more easily believed and adhered to, rather than having to experience specific situations and people and having to get comfortable with each new thing. I feel like I have to do a lot more internal work to have a similar outward expression of poly, like I am having to rewire my right brain to match up with my left.


  1. Poly is no more an choice than eating or sleeping. A growing mountain of research is proving ever more clearly that humans are, biologically, very much not monogamous.

    We're intelligent enough to make our own choices in life, including our orientations and relationship structures, and some people no doubt have biologically inspired tilts in one direction or another. But all of those choices/solutions are simply masks over what we are at the core.

    Inside all of us is a sexual beast. Funny wording I'll admit, but denying it hasn't proven particularly effective over the last couple thousand years.

    We're on a slide scale, everyone of us. We're all a little gay, a little poly, a little "straight". What we really want is sex, love, and safety. Those things have no orientation or preference.

  2. I agree with you on most of this!! The one aspect that I don't agree with 100% is just some language use: I agree that there is a lot of research supporting the idea that humans are, generally, biologically nonmonogamous. I would not say that there is the same research base for claiming that humans are biologically polyamorous. It seems to me that "love" is a complex feeling, and becomes a social construct, and can thus be conditioned and shaped in many different ways depending on the cultures one grows up in.
    Thank you for commenting! :)

  3. You're right, which is why everyone should be free to express themselves however they see fit. But regardless of acculturation or expression, I think the data is pointing more and more towards an understanding of our sexuality as innate and (for the most part) indeterminate.

    A lot of people take offense, because this isn't how they chose to express themselves. But biology is not predestiny. For example, we're biologically programmed to seek out high calorie food (i.e. junk food) but it's not good for us to eat that way in our modern world with our notable lack of food scarcity (for some at least). Same with sex. We don't have to follow our biology if we don't want to, but we should be free to chose to do so if we like.

    More to the point, pretending that some form of modified sexuality (ie monogamy) is some how "natural" is just a reflection of our acculturation and not of some actual "truth". As you point out in your article, the data just doesn't support any particular perspective.

    As for love, I don't put a lot of stock in the word. It's a term we've designed to represent a cocktail of simpler emotions and desires and it has become so twisted up into cultural perspectives that it no longer carries any substantive meaning. Love is what you want it to be.

    Anyway, sorry, I get excited late at night. :-) I love your articles by the way!